Many influential people and head of state are known in history with or without inherent prestige. Standing power can’t be gained by false methods and questionable action, only achieved for a moment. Today, power comes from education and wisdom, responsibility, and a civilized way to act. Without adequate training and knowledge of surrounding world and the information it has acquired, it is difficult to achieve a prestigious position in the society.

It is sad that by using superficiality and false means many decision-makers reach their position without real understanding of their own position and responsibility in society. Our time usually reveals those who have reached their position by questionable means but are not ashamed of it. The maintenance of power is based on the highest authority gained and on the methods and ways that the position gives to the leader.

The quest to preserve their position by whatever means, is devastating to one selves and others. A civilized person acts in his or her position with the power of law and good habit, without forgetting ethics. Good education, strong identity, and humanity are the hallmarks of a good leader in all communities and states. The world is threatened by the lack of good leadership at all levels.

Mankind must soon find such models and leaders whose manifesto is safe to follow and to hear his or her message. Time needs good examples especially now when chaos and questionable leadership is prevailing without farsighted and dependable role models. (LOF)

Hate speech is speech that attacks a person or group on the basis of attributes such as race, religion, ethnic origin, sex or sexual orientation. Hate speech is often describes as speech, gesture or writing that incites violence or prejudicial action against a protected group by certain characteristics. In some countries, hate speech is not a legal term and additionally in some countries, including the United States, hate speech is constitutionally protected.

In some countries, a victim of hate speech may seek redress under civil law, criminal law, or both. A website that contains hate speech may be called a hate site. Many of these sites contain Internet forums and news briefs that emphasize a particular viewpoint.

Social media are rife with hate speech. A quick glance through the comments section of a racially charged YouTube video demonstrates how pervasive the problem is. Although most major social media companies such as Google, Facebook and Twitter have their own policies regarding whether and what kinds of hate speech are permitted on their sites, the policies are often inconsistently applied and can be difficult for users to understand. (LOF)

Media learning

   We are surrounded with information, true or false, 7/24 hours, counted and figured with many options. There are separate channels for processing information with a limited channel capacity. Evaluation of information means active processing, filtering, selecting and organizing. Today there is a discussion of alternative truth and the old word propaganda is once again raising from the ashes.

   In today's media world, it is more and more important to evaluate the content of the information and its provider’s motives. It is essential to learn to read “between the lines” especially now when social media has become main and central deliverer of information. The media education aims to find out the critical substance of each media and how it works.

   When the mass media generalized another hundred years ago, it was believed that the so-called “drug effect” gave the absolute impact of the targeted message on the audience. What was sent was also received as such. Now there is no such straightforward connection between the sender and the recipient, when the roles are totally mixed.

   Social media imposes specific challenges on the selection of information especially in cases when the publisher’s motives can’t be opened and analyzed. Social media must be critically addressed and evaluated to find out the sender's intentions. The most important elements on the questions on trustworthiness are; who sends, with what purpose and what are the expected effects? (LOF)

BARRY RASSIN